What happens to rubbish from skip bins

Ever wondered what happens to rubbish from skip bins? These bins serve as starting points for waste management. From there, garbage gets sorted, recycled, or disposed of responsibly.

In this article, let’s explore this process further. From the stages of waste management to a few tips to find the best landfill near you, learn everything you need to know below!

Types of Waste Usually Found in Skip Bins

Skip bins receive diverse waste materials, each representing different facets of our daily lives. From household trash to construction debris, they encounter all assortments of items we discard. Here are some common types of waste typically found in skip bins:

Household Waste

This category encompasses everyday household trash, including food scraps, packaging materials, worn-out textiles, and general non-recyclable items.

Construction and Demolition Debris

Skip bins are often filled with materials from construction sites, such as concrete, bricks, wood, drywall, and roofing materials. These waste types require proper handling due to their weight and potential for recycling.

Garden and Green Waste

Skip bins may contain garden clippings, leaves, branches, and other organic waste from landscaping and gardening activities.

Electronic Waste (E-Waste)

Discarded electronics like old computers, appliances, and gadgets find their way into skip bins. E-waste is typically separated for specialised handling and recycling.


Metallic items like appliances, pipes, and structural components can be found in skip bins. These materials hold value for recycling purposes.


Plastic containers, packaging, and other items contribute to the growing plastic waste challenge. Some plastics are recyclable, while others must be responsibly disposed of.

Paper and Cardboard

Packaging materials, newspapers, magazines, and cardboard boxes are frequently discarded into skip bins. Paper and cardboard can be recycled to conserve resources.


Glass bottles, jars, and broken glass often end up in skip bins. Like paper and cardboard, glass can be recycled to reduce the demand for new raw materials.

Chemicals and Hazardous Waste

Skip bins can sometimes contain hazardous materials such as paints, solvents, batteries, and cleaning products. These require specialised handling and disposal to prevent harm to both the environment and personal health.

What Happens to Rubbish Put in a Skip?

Once tossed into skip bins, our garbage embarks on a journey that takes it through several stages, including:

Phase 1: Collection

The process starts with waste management companies collecting skip bins from different locations. These bins are then transported to central facilities where the real journey begins.

Phase 2: Sorting

At these sorting facilities, a meticulous separation process begins. Skilled workers and automated machinery work hand in hand to categorise waste into different types, such as plastics, paper, metal, and glass. This step is crucial, as it sets the stage for efficient recycling.

Phase 3a: Recycling

Recyclable materials are then directed to specialised recycling plants. Here, they undergo processes that transform them into valuable resources. Plastics are melted and reformed, paper is pulped and reshaped, metals are melted down, and glass is crushed and melted for reuse.

Phase 3b: Organic Waste Treatment

Organic waste like food scraps and yard debris has its own special treatment. It can be either be composted to create nutrient-rich soil additives or subjected to anaerobic digestion to produce biogas for energy.

Phase 3c: Non-Recyclable Waste Disposal

On the other hand, waste that cannot be recycled takes different routes. Some may end up in landfill sites, where careful management is essential to prevent environmental harm. Others can be incinerated in waste-to-energy facilities, generating electricity from the waste’s heat.

Phase 3d: Hazardous Waste Management

Meanwhile, hazardous materials like chemicals and toxins are cautiously identified and handled. They are usually sent to facilities equipped to neutralise or dispose of them safely.

Phase 3e: E-Waste Handling

Finally, e-waste is treated separately due to its complexity. Facilities dismantle electronics, salvaging valuable components while ensuring safe disposal of hazardous materials.

Environmental Impact of Skip Bins: Pros and Cons

As practical waste management tools, skip bins can leave a notable imprint on the environment, both good and bad. By exploring both sides, you can harness the positive aspects of skip bins while mitigating the negative ones.


  • Waste Diversion – One of the notable benefits of skip bins is their potential to divert waste from landfills. Proper sorting and recycling of materials such as paper, plastics, and metals can help reduce the strain on landfill sites.
  • Recycling Facilitation – Skip bins make it easier for individuals and businesses to sort recyclable materials. This simplification of waste separation contributes to higher recycling rates, conserving resources and reducing the energy required for raw material extraction.
  • Reduced Carbon Emissions – According to an MRA Consulting report, recycling can help Australia reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 17 million tons. Through skip bins, the country can streamline their ability to repurpose waste materials like metal, paper, and glass. This will indirectly result in lower carbon emissions, provided proper practices are followed.


  • Landfill Load – Despite recycling efforts, a significant portion of waste can still end up in landfills, increasing capacity demands and contributing to soil and water contamination.
  • Contamination Risk – Inadequate sorting practices like mixing hazardous waste with general ones can pose contamination risks and complicate proper waste management.
  • Visual and Aesthetic Concerns – Overflowing or unsightly skip bins can mar the visual appeal of public spaces, affecting community aesthetics and overall quality of life.
  • Space Constraints – The placement of large skip bins can lead to obstruction of sidewalks and public areas, limiting accessibility and mobility.
  • Energy Consumption – Producing, distributing, and transporting skip bins require energy and resources, indirectly contributing to carbon emissions and resource depletion.
  • Noise and Air Pollution – Skip bin collection can generate noise and emissions from collection vehicles, impacting air quality and the well-being of nearby residents.
  • Plastic Waste – Skip bins themselves can sometimes be made of plastic, contributing to plastic waste generation and pollution.

Recycling and Disposal: Tips to Properly Sort Your Rubbish

Properly sorting your trash before tossing them into skip bins can significantly affect the efficiency of recycling and disposal processes. Follow these tips to ensure your waste is ready for responsible handling:

Categorise Recyclables

Separate recyclable materials such as paper, cardboard, plastics, and glass from non-recyclable ones. This simplifies the recycling process and minimises landfill waste.

Clean and Dry

Thoroughly rinse food containers, remove labels, and ensure items are dry. Contaminated or wet items can hamper recycling efforts and reduce their value.

Handle Hazardous Waste Separately

Keep hazardous materials like batteries, chemicals, and electronics out of regular waste. These substances require unique disposal methods due to their potential risks.

Package Small Items

Place loose or small waste in sealed bags to prevent them from becoming litter during collection and transportation.

Bundle Yard Waste

Tie branches, bundle up garden clippings, and package yard waste separately for composting or proper disposal.

Disassemble Electronics

Before discarding electronics, remove batteries and separate components. This ensures safer e-waste disposal and facilitates material recovery.

Know Local Guidelines

Familiarise yourself with local recycling and waste disposal guidelines. Different areas have specific regulations that you should follow.

Embrace Donation and Repurposing

Items in good condition can find new life through donation or creative repurposing, reducing waste generation.

Best Recycling Programs in Australia

Australia is currently making strides in the realm of recycling. In their National Waste Policy Action Plan, the government aims to recover up to 80% of renewable materials by 2030. Everyone is doing their part, with up to 80% of Australians striving to reduce waste.

To that end, they created various innovative programs to promote sustainable waste management practices. These include:

Return and Earn (NSW)

This container deposit scheme encourages citizens to return eligible drink containers for a refund. It has been highly successful in increasing recycling rates and reducing litter.


As Australia’s official mobile phone recycling program, MobileMuster aims to dispose of old phones and related accessories responsibly. The program works with various collection points across the nation.

National Television and Computer Recycling Scheme

Developed to tackle electronic waste, this initiative facilitates the recycling of televisions and computers. This program helps divert harmful materials from landfill and promotes resource recovery.

Cartridges 4 Planet Ark

This program encourages the recycling of printer cartridges and prevents these items from ending up in landfills, ultimately conserving valuable resources and reducing environmental harm.

Composting and Food Waste Initiatives

Several Australian cities like Melbourne and Sydney have rolled out their own composting and food waste collection programs. These programs divert organic waste from landfills, turning it into nutrient-rich compost for agricultural use.

Do Skips Go Straight to Landfill?

Skip bins don’t always go straight to landfills. In most cases, they serve as collection points for various types of waste. The contents are typically sorted at different waste management facilities. Recyclable materials are separated for recycling, while non-recyclable waste might go to landfills or waste-to-energy facilities.

Navigating Waste Disposal: Tips for Choosing the Right Landfill

Finding the appropriate landfill for your garbage is crucial in ensuring responsible waste management. By following the tips below, you can pick a dump that promotes responsible waste management, reduces negative environmental impact, and contributes to a cleaner and more sustainable future.

Research Local Landfills

Identify landfills in your area by checking online resources provided by local waste management authorities or environmental agencies. Understanding the options available will help you make an informed choice.

Consider Waste Type

Different landfills specialise in certain waste types. Ensure the landfill you choose accepts the specific kind of waste you need to dispose of, whether it’s household trash, construction debris, or hazardous materials.

Check Permits and Regulations

Confirm that the landfill operates with the necessary permits and adheres to environmental regulations. Compliance ensures that waste disposal follows established guidelines, minimising negative impacts.

Distance and Accessibility

Choose a landfill that is conveniently located and easily accessible. This reduces transportation costs, fuel consumption, and carbon emissions associated with waste transport.

Environmental Practices

Research the landfill’s environmental practices, such as recycling initiatives and methane capture systems. Opt for landfills that prioritise sustainability and minimise environmental harm.

Community Feedback

Look for reviews or community feedback about the landfill’s operations. Positive feedback indicates responsible waste management practices and a good reputation.

Cost Considerations

Compare disposal fees at different landfills. While cost shouldn’t be the sole factor, finding a dump that aligns with your budget is important.

Future Plans

Inquire about the landfill’s long-term plans and capacity. Choosing a landfill with well-defined closure and post-closure care strategies ensures that the site will be managed appropriately even after it reaches capacity.


By exploring the article above, you’ll not only discover what happens to rubbish from skip bins. You’ll also gain insights on how to sort out your trash correctly, as well as how to find the best landfills or recycling programs. So do your part in keeping our environment clean and follow our advice as much as possible.